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Disciples Institutional Racism Towards Native Americans

June 15, 2015

NOTES

[i]. George, Francis E., Dwell in My Love: A Pastoral Letter on Racism. (Chicago, IL: Archdiocese, 2011), 1-5.

[ii] Michelle Sarche and Paul Spicer, “Poverty and Health Disparities for American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Current Knowledge and Future Prospects,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136 (2008): 126-136. (PMC.Web.13 June 2015).

[iii].Donald M. Scott, “The Religious Origins of Manifest Destiny.” Divining America, TeacherServe©. National Humanities Center. (ACCESSED ESSAY 05/23/2015) http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/mandestiny.htm>

[iv] Ari Kelman, A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the Memory of Sand Creek. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013), 1-43.

[v] Leroy Garrett, “Alexander Campbell,” in The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, ed. Douglas A. Foster et al. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004), 112-134.

[vi] D. Newell Williams, “Barton Warren Stone,” in The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, ed. Douglas A. Foster et al. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004), 700-720.

[vii] Alexander Campbell, An Alexander Campbell Reader. Lester G. McAllister, ed. (St. Louis, MO: CBP Press, 1988), 120-127.

[viii] Duane D. Cummins, The Disciples: A Struggle for Reformation. St. Louis, (MO: Chalice Press, 2009), 173-193.

[ix] Alexander Campbell, “THE CHEROKEE INDIANS”, in The Millennial Harbinger vol. 1-1, 1830 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

[x] James J. Trott, “Letter to Brother Campbell”, in The Millennial Harbinger vol. III, 1832 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

[xi] Steven T. Newcomb, Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery. (Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2008), 23-60.

[xii] Ann Picard, “Death by Boarding School: “The Last Acceptable Racism” and the United States’ Genocide of Native Americans.”  In Gonzaga Law Review Vol 49:1, Pg. 137-185 (December 13, 2013). http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.law.gonzaga.edu%2Flaw-review%2Ffiles%2F2014%2F01%2F5-Piccard-P137-186.pdf&ei=wgRiVYumM4beoATZiYLYBQ&usg=AFQjCNGE2NfiFjtW3x9BihXymp1QHiV0lg&bvm=bv.93990622,d.aWw (accessed 05/20/2015), 137-185.

[xiii] Keith Watkins, A Visible Sign of God’s Presence: A History of the Yakama Christian Mission. (Nashville, TN: Polar Star Press, 2009), 17-23.

[xiv] William Ryan, Blaming the Victim. (New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1976), 117-141.

[xv] David Novak, David. Taking People With You: The Only Way to Make BIG Things Happen. (New York, NY: Portfolio/Penguin, 2012), 147-170.

[xvi] Chavers, Dean. Racism in Indian Country. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2009.

[xvii] American Psychiatric Association, “Mental Health Disparities: American Indians and Alaska Natives,” American Psychiatric Association Division of Diversity and Health Equity (2014): 1-5, file:///C:/Users/Bill/Downloads/Fact-Sheet—Native-Americans%20(1).pdf (accessed January 1, 2015) (this is a PDF file that must be downloaded to be read).

[xviii] Center for Disease Control, “National Suicide Statistics at a Glance,” CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Division of Violence Prevention (12/16/2014): 1-2, https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=cdc+national+suicide+statistics+at+a+glance (Accessed January 1, 2015) (searching the teen suicide rates by period and ethnicity may be required to read).

[xix] Center for Disease Control, “National Suicide Statistics at a Glance,” CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Division of Violence Prevention (12/16/2014): 1-2, http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/statistics/rates03.html (Accessed January 1, 2015), (searching the teen suicide rates by period and ethnicity may be required).

[xx] Cummins, D. Duane. Disciples: A Struggle for Reformation. St. Louis, MO: Chalice Press, 2009.

[xxi] Vine Deloria, Jr., God is Red: A Native View of Religion. (Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 1994), 46-61.

[xxii] Aspen Institute, “Fast Facts on Native American Youth and Indian Country.” Center For Native American Youth at the Aspen Institute, 2015. www.aspeninstitute.org/sites/default/files/content/images/Fast%20Facts.pdf (accessed 05/30/2015), 1-3.

[xxiii] Dominique Alan Fenton, “Racism at Core of Native Teen Suicides in Pine Ridge.” Colorlines, 2015. www.colorlines.com/articles/racism-core-native-teen-suicides-pine-ridge (accessed 04/15/2015), 1-4.

[xxiv] Mindy Audlin, What if It All Goes Right? Creating a New World of Peace, Prosperity & Possibility. (Garden City, NY: Morgan James Publishing, 2010), 7-197.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

American Psychiatric Association, “Mental Health Disparities: American Indians and Alaska Natives,” American Psychiatric Association Division of Diversity and Health Equity (2014): 1-5, file:///C:/Users/Bill/Downloads/Fact-Sheet—Native-Americans%20(1).pdf (accessed January 1, 2015).

Aspen Institute. “Fast Facts on Native American Youth and Indian Country.” Center For Native American Youth at the Aspen Institute, 2015. www.aspeninstitute.org/sites/default/files/content/images/Fast%20Facts.pdf (accessed 05/30/2015).

Audlin, Mindy. What if it All Goes Right? Creating a New World of Peace, Prosperity & Possibility. Garden City, NY: Morgan James Publishing, 2010.

Campbell, Alexander. “THE CHEROKEE INDIANS”, in The Millennial Harbinger vol. 1-1, 1830 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

Campbell, Alexander, An Alexander Campbell Reader. Lester G. McAllister, ed. St. Louis, MO: CBP Press, 1988.

Center for Disease Control, “National Suicide Statistics at a Glance,” CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Division of Violence Prevention (12/16/2014): 1-2, https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=cdc+national+suicide+statistics+at+a+glance (Accessed January 1, 2015).

Center for Disease Control, “National Suicide Statistics at a Glance,” CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Division of Violence Prevention (12/16/2014): 1-2, http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/statistics/rates03.html (Accessed January 1, 2015).

Chavers, Dean. Racism in Indian Country. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2009.

Cummins, D. Duane. The Disciples: A Struggle for Reformation. St. Louis, MO: Chalice Press, 2009.

Davis, Bill R.W. “Disciples Missional Tokenism to American Indians: Legacy of the Doctrine of Christian Discovery.” https://revbillinolaok.wordpress.com/2014/08/21/disciples-missional-tokenism-to-american-indians-legacy-of-the-doctrine-of-christian-discovery/ (accessed 05/21/2015).

Deloria, Vine, Jr. God is Red: A Native View of Religion. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 1994-61.

Fenton, Dominique Alan. “Racism at Core of Native Teen Suicides in Pine Ridge.” Colorlines, 2015. www.colorlines.com/articles/racism-core-native-teen-suicides-pine-ridge (accessed 04/15/2015).

Garrison, Winfred Ernest and Degroot, Alfred T. The Disciples of Christ: A History. St. Louis, MO: Christian Board of Publication, 1948.

George, Francis E. Dwell in My Love: A Pastoral Letter on Racism. Chicago, IL: Archdiocese, 2011.

Garrett, Leroy. “Alexander Campbell,” in The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, ed. Douglas A. Foster et al., 112-134. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004.

Kelman, Ari. A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the Memory of Sand Creek. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Lane, Jr., Phil, Bopp, Judie, Bopp, Michael and Brown, Lee. The Sacred Tree. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press, 2012.

Moseley, J. Edward. Disciples of Christ in Georgia. St. Louis, MO: Bethany Press, 1954.

Newcomb, Steven T. Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2008.

Picard, Ann. “Death by Boarding School: “The Last Acceptable Racism” and the United States’ Genocide of Native Americans.”  In Gonzaga Law Review Vol 49:1, Pg. 137-185 (December 13, 2013). http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.law.gonzaga.edu%2Flaw-review%2Ffiles%2F2014%2F01%2F5-Piccard-P137-186.pdf&ei=wgRiVYumM4beoATZiYLYBQ&usg=AFQjCNGE2NfiFjtW3x9BihXymp1QHiV0lg&bvm=bv.93990622,d.aWw (accessed 05/20/2015).

Novak, David. Taking People With You: The Only Way to Make BIG Things Happen. New York, NY: Portfolio/Penguin, 2012.

Ryan, William. Blaming the Victim. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1976.

Sarche, Michelle and Spicer, Paul. “Poverty and Health Disparities for American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Current Knowledge and Future Prospects.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136 (2008): 126-136. PMC.Web.13 June 2015.

Scott, Donald M. “The Religious Origins of Manifest Destiny.” Divining America, TeacherServe©. National Humanities Center, (Accessed Essay 05/23/2015) http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/mandestiny.htm.

Tinker, George E. Missionary Conquest: The Gospel and Native American Cultural Genocide. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1993.

Trott, James J. “Letter to Brother Campbell”, in The Millennial Harbinger vol. III, 1832 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

Trott, James J. “Query”, in The Millennial Harbinger vol. VII, 1836 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

Trott, James J. “The Indian Mission”, in The Millennial Harbinger series V vol. III, 1860 by Faith and Facts, Inc. Joplin, MO: College Press, 1996.

Watkins, Keith. A Visible Sign of God’s Presence: A History of the Yakama Christian Mission. Nashville, TN: Polar Star Press, 2009.

Williams, D. Newell. “Barton Warren Stone,” in The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, ed. Douglas A. Foster et al., 700 – 720. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004.

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One Comment
  1. BARBARA ANN MITCHELL REXFORD permalink

    I’m so ashamed of these people who
    are racist.They are supposed to help
    all peoples. Native Americans have been
    used & abused.It’s time to give their land
    back to them & solve their many problems, that were caused hy the
    Europeas & our ancestors. SHAME ON
    US ALL, DAMMIT …

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